how iot is shaping agriculture
In recent years, the IoT revolution is a key driving factor in the rapid progress of smarter and much more efficient agriculture. The ability to affix smart sensors and collect up to date data from all components of a farm, bundling, cross referencing and integrating this information into significant files of data which are uploaded to cloud based management systems that are accessible everywhere anytime and allow for selectable quick optimization of farming processes and resources is a true revolution farms have not experienced in centuries.
Smart Farming Systems are usually based on the following components:
Sensors – smart configurable sensors are the key element to the success of a Smart Farming Systems and are the main way of gathering data from the different fields of agriculture. Sensors may be placed throughout fields, on agricultural equipment, attached to livestock, collect weather data in real time, adjust greenhouse automation systems, measure water level in reservoirs and in almost any other agricultural application a farmer may think of. These sensors are responsible to deliver the collected data on to the Management System. The quality of sensors is crucial to the success of Smart Farming Systems and affects the quality and accuracy of the collected data and its reliability
Because farm management and operations are comprised of frequently handling sets of multiple components, platform and protocol agnostic sensors which are self-processing and remotely configured which can be combined to collect different types of data on one farm and transmit to a self-processing remotely configured gateway sending significant amounts of complied and processed big data to a cloud based management system are the wide angel solution of choice.
Cloud Based Information Management Systems – data analytics are the core of every Smart Farming systems. Essentially, they are the brain of the system and apply predictive algorithms and machine learning in order to obtain actionable insights based on the data collected.
To ensure that a Smart Farming Systems is functioning properly, performs well and handles the significant data load, a solid IT and telecommunications infrastructure must be designed and put in place. Furthermore, security and governance must be a focus - this network must be properly secure to decrease the likeliness of breaking, data theft or even taking control of the system. And, because this hardware will be used in farms and fields, periodic component replacements should be performed to sustain system functionality.